Take Action Publications Press Room About Public Citizen Public Citizen Divisions Home
Advocates for justice, consumer access to the courts, and accountable government

JOIN US! |Take Action | Publications | About Congress Watch | Contact Us

For Keyword(s)
advanced search

Email Signup

Sign up for our free activist updates.

Lobbying Disclosure

smallCUW For information on the latest happenings in Washington, check out our Clean Up Washington campaign.


After decades of failed attempts to close the many loopholes of the 1946 Regulation of Lobbying Act, Congress finally stepped up to the plate at the end of 1995 and approved the fairly sweeping Lobbying Disclosure Act (LDA) of 1995. LDA represents a comprehensive reform when compared to the earlier regulatory efforts – only about 10 percent of lobbyists felt compelled to register under the earlier Act – though it certainly was seen as falling short of a complete success by its biggest sponsors.

The Lobbying Disclosure Act received unanimous approval in both the House and the Senate and was signed into law by President Bill Clinton on December 19, 1995. The new Act took effect on January 1, 1996. However, a fairly reliable disclosure database of lobbying activity did not become available until calendar year 1999. In the brief span between 1999 and 2004, the amount reported on lobbying expenditures at the federal level increased 44 percent.

• Chart & Graph of Overall Expenditures on Federal Lobbying, 1999-2004

    » congress | govt reform | government | disclosure

Because Public Citizen does not accept funds from corporations, professional associations or government agencies, we can remain independent and follow the truth wherever it may lead. But that means we depend on the generosity of concerned citizens like you for the resources to fight on behalf of the public interest. If you would like to help us in our fight, click here.

Join | Contact PC | Contribute | Site Map | Careers/Internships| Privacy Statement